What Is Article 151 Of The Revised Penal Code?

What are the exempting circumstances?

The exempting circumstances are imbecility or insanity, minority, accident, compulsion of irresistible force, impulse of uncontrollable fear of an equal or greater injury, lawful or insuperable cause.

Absolutory causes and instigation of a peace officer produce also the effect of an exempting circumstance..

Is reckless imprudence bailable?

Reckless imprudence— which assumes “without malice”—resulting in homicide, even if multiple, is punishable by a maximum term of six years. I am not aware if the penalty has been amended upward. offenses are not bailable.

What are the five circumstances affecting criminal liability?

Circumstances affecting Criminal Liability The Code provides for justifying, exempting, mitigating, aggravating and alternative circumstances which alter the penalty imposed if it is attendant in the commission of the offense.

What are the six types of justifying circumstances?

Justifying and Exempting CircumstancesSelf-defense.Defense of Relative.Defense of Stranger.State of Necessity.Fulfillment of duty.Obedience to superior order.Imbecility and the insanity.Minority.More items…•

What is Republic No 9344?


Who are liable for grave or less grave felonies?

1. When the felony is grave, or less grave, all participants are criminally liable. 2. But where the felony is only light, only the principal and the accomplice are liable.

Who are the persons criminally liable for felonies?

2. WHO ARE CRIMINALLY LIABLE? FOR GRAVE AND LESS GRAVE FELONIES: principals, accomplices and accessories. FOR LIGHT FELONIES: principals and accomplices.

What are the principal penalties?

Principal penalties are those imposed independently. For each crime, the court can only apply one principal penalty. … However, it is the State’s public censure against offenders, which are declared in the name of the State by courts, thus causing certain mental sufferings to the condemned.

What is Article 223 of the Revised Penal Code?

Conspiracy to commit sedition. — Persons conspiring to commit the crime of sedition shall be punished by prision correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos. (Reinstated by E.O. No.

What is Article 11 of the RPC?

Art. 11: Justifying Circumstances – those wherein the acts of the actor are in accordance with law, hence, he is justified. There is no criminal and civil liability because there is no crime.

What are the 4 types of law?

These four sources of law are the United States Constitution, federal and state statutes, administrative regulations, and case law. Each country’s legal system has its own sources of law, but for those systems that enact Constitutions, the Constitutions are the most fundamental of the sources of law.

What are the justifying circumstances?

JUSTIFYING CIRCUMSTANCES (Article ll of the Revised Penal Code)  Are those where the act of a person is said to be in accordance with the law, so that such person is deemed not to have transgressed the law and is free from both civil and criminal liability.

Who is exempted criminal liability?

According to Article 108 of the Penal Code, another circumstance under which someone can be exempted from criminal liability is if they commit an act of self-defense “in the presence of an actual or imminent danger which poses a threat to him/her or to another person.” Again, the exception here is when there is …

Is arresto mayor bailable?

1st sentence) correccional minimum- By other means (1st Par., 2nd sentence) Arresto mayor Bail Not Required- If the escape of the prisoner shall take place Minimum period of arresto mayoroutside of said establishment by means of maximum to prision correccional P6,000.00violence, intimidation or bribery (2nd Par.

How long is arresto mayor?

Arresto mayor. — The duration of the penalty of arresto mayor shall be from one month and one day to six months. Arresto menor. — The duration of the penalty of arresto menor shall be from one day to thirty days.

What is the meaning of Revised Penal Code?

The Revised Penal Code contains the general penal laws of the Philippines. First enacted in 1930, it remains in effect today, despite several amendments thereto. It does not comprise a comprehensive compendium of all Philippine penal laws. The Revised Penal Code itself was enacted as Act No.

What is Article 354 of the Revised Penal Code?

Article 354 of the same Code presumes malice, as a general rule, in every defamatory imputation, without regard to its truth or falsity. The person accused of libel is required to prove that the imputation was made with good intentions and justifiable motives.

What is arresto mayor?

Arresto mayor. — The duration of the penalty of arresto mayor shall be from one month and one day to six months. Arresto menor. — The duration of the penalty of arresto menor shall be from one day to thirty days. Bond to keep the peace.