What Is The Wall Around A Castle Called?

What are the pillars on a castle called?

In architecture, a turret (from Italian: torretta, little tower; Latin: turris, tower) is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle..

What is the most important part of a castle?

Possibly the most important part of a castle in the time of sieges, the Well meant survival for the inhabitants of the castle even if they had little food. The well could be situated in the courtyard or inside the keep. If the well was outside, a wooden covering usually protected it from the elements.

What are the main features of a castle?

Castle FeaturesOuter defenses.Moat.Walls (inner and outer)Towers (inner and outer)Gatehouses, drawbridges and barbicans.Inner defenses.Baileys or wards.Living quarters and support buildings.More items…

What is a rampart in a castle?

In fortification architecture, a rampart is a length of bank or wall forming part of the defensive boundary of a castle, hillfort, settlement or other fortified site. It is usually broad-topped and made of excavated earth or masonry or a combination of the two.

What are the 3 types of castles?

The three main types of castles are the motte and bailey castle, the stone keep castle, and the concentric castle.

What are the 4 types of castles?

The Medieval Castle: Four Different TypesWithin an Existing Roman Fortress. The earliest medieval castles built by the Normans were either constructed within an existing Roman Fort or were Motte and Bailey castles. … Motte and Bailey Castles. … Stone Keep Castle.

How do you defend a castle?

How to defend a castleBuilding up high. Building a castle up high made it difficult for enemies to get to the castle. … Tall towers. Strong towers were added to curtain walls to watch out for enemies. … Battlements. Battlements were walls on the roof of a castle. … Arrow slits. … Moat. … Drawbridge. … Portcullis. … Dungeons.

What is the entrance of a castle called?

portcullisA portcullis (from Old French porte coleice, “sliding gate”) is a heavy vertically-closing gate typically found in Medieval fortifications, consisting of a latticed grille made of wood, metal, or a combination of the two, which slides down grooves inset within each jamb of the gateway.

What is the main purpose of a castle?

Castles could serve as a centre for local government, administration and justice. They were also used by powerful lords to display their wealth and power through lavish architectural styles and decoration. Castles were not only built and used by the crown.

What are the up and down bits on a castle called?

A battlement in defensive architecture, such as that of city walls or castles, comprises a parapet (i.e., a defensive low wall between chest-height and head-height), in which gaps or indentations, which are often rectangular, occur at intervals to allow for the launch of arrows or other projectiles from within the …

What does Merlon mean?

A merlon is the solid upright section of a battlement (a crenellated parapet) in medieval architecture or fortifications. Merlons are sometimes pierced by narrow, vertical embrasures or slits designed for observation and fire. … Crenels designed in later eras for use by cannons were also called embrasures.

What are the parts of a castle wall called?

A battlement is the upper walled part of a castle or fortress. It’s usually formed out of a low, narrow wall on top of the outermost protective wall of a fortress or castle. The word ‘battlement’ traces to an old French term that means tower or turret, and the original use of battlements was for protection.

What part of a castle is the keep?

The keep, located within a courtyard and surrounded by a curtain wall, was the heart of a medieval castle. The hall keep was a low building while the tower keep or donjon could have three or more floors and be topped by turrets and battlements.

What is the bailey of a castle?

A bailey or ward is a fortification is a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall. In particular, an early type of European castle was known as a motte-and-bailey. Castles can have more than one bailey.